1.To view a text of the international human rights instruments, visit the website of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Most of New Zealand 's human rights obligations are summarised in the Handbook on International Human Rights (2nd ed.) by the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade (2003). [Return to chapter]

2. Most patients under the MH(CAT) Act are entitled to vote. The few who are disqualified include those who are in mental health facilities having been transferred there from prison, or sent there by the court after facing criminal charges and who have been detained in the mental health facility for more than three years. [Return to chapter]

3. See commentary on participation later in this chapter for some examples. [Return to chapter]

4. See for example the range of views put forward at the Legal Research Foundation (1999). [Return to chapter]

5. All figures refer to the turnout of registered voters. Participation in other forms of public life is also high. The Study of Values survey found that 89.3 percent of people had signed a petition, 19.3 percent had attended lawful demonstrations, 16.9 percent had joined a boycott, 4.4 percent had joined unofficial strikes, and one percent had occupied buildings or factories (Perry & Webster, 1999). [Return to chapter ]

More recent voter turnout figures for New Zealand show a decline in voter turnout. From 84.77 percent in 1999, turnout declined to a new low in 2002 of 72.5 percent (Vowles et al., 2004). [Return to chapter]

6. Wellington International Airport v. Air New Zealand Limited , Court of Appeal, [1993] 1 NZLR 671, 675. [Return to chapter]

7. More information about these initiatives is available at [Return to chapter]