International reporting

Human rights were first expressed in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and in several international treaties since then. Countries who sign up to these treaties are obliged to include the rights in their own domestic laws.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets out the basic human rights that should be protected for everyone. New Zealand, led by Prime Minister Peter Fraser, played a key role in drafting the Declaration along with representatives from around the world.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, along with the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights, together make up the International Bill of Human Rights. Both of the Covenants came into force in 1976. They set out everyday rights such as the right to life, equality before the law, freedom of expression, and the rights to work and education.

There are a number of International treaties that have been ratified by the government and incorporated in international law, and the Commission’s work including the Universal Periodic Review on human rights.

 

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Universal Periodic Review

Universal Periodic Review

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a mechanism of the United Nations Human Rights Council that periodically examines the human rights performance of all 193 UN Member States, including New Zealand.

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Women’s Rights

Women’s Rights

The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) promotes the equality of women throughout society, also obligates states to suppress all forms of sex trafficking.

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Racial Discrimination

Racial Discrimination

The Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) is the convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

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Rights of Disabled People

Rights of Disabled People

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the first human rights convention of the twenty first century. New Zealand signed the Convention on 30 March, 2007 and ratified it 26 September, 2008.

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Economic, social and cultural rights

Economic, social and cultural rights

The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights protects the fundamental needs of citizens, including the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to work, the right to health and the right to education.

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Indigenous Rights

Indigenous Rights

Indigenous People’s human rights are protected under the international treaties and conventions, as well as by the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (or “UNDRIP”) and our own Treaty of Waitangi.

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Civil and Political Rights

Civil and Political Rights

Civil and political rights include the rights to freedom of expression, religious belief, freedom of movement, and the right to be free from discrimination

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Other conventions and international reporting mechanisms

Other conventions and international reporting mechanisms

Look at other conventions and international reporting mechanisms New Zealand has ratified.

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