International reporting

Universal Periodic Review

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a process undertaken by the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council. It involves the review of the human rights records of all 193 UN Member States once every four and a half years.

The UPR is an opportunity for New Zealand to:

  • take stock of how well we are protecting the human rights of all people in New Zealand; and
  • inform the international community of the human rights situation in New Zealand
  • engage with other countries about specified steps New Zealand will take to improve the enjoyment of human rights in New Zealand.

Every country which is a member of the UN has their human rights record reviewed under the UPR.

The UPR is a peer review process. Recommendations on actions New Zealand should take are made by individual governments of other states. They are not made by the UN or the Human Rights Council as a whole. 

New Zealand has undergone two reviews and will undergo its third review during the 32nd Session of the UPR Working Group on 18 January 2019 (see information below).

Mid-term reporting

On 21 January 2019, New Zealand underwent its third UPR. The review was an opportunity for New Zealand to take stock of how well we are protecting the human rights of people in New Zealand. The government received 194 recommendations on a wide range of human rights issues and accepted 164 of them.

From July 2021 onwards, all stakeholders are encouraged to submit a mid-term report to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva, highlighting efforts made to implement UPR recommendations as well as remaining gaps and challenges in the implementation process. As the UN Human Rights Commissioner for Human Rights stated in her letter to the New Zealand government after the review, the mid-term stage constitutes an important opportunity to put in place follow-up tools and mechanisms and to contribute positively to follow-up action.

In New Zealand’s response to the recommendations in 2019 it indicated an intention to submit a mid-term report in 2021.

To support and guide stakeholders throughout the UPR implementation and mid-term process, the Human Rights Commission is partnering with Geneva-based UPR experts, UPR-Info to host two online webinars on the mid-term reporting process:

    • A UPR introductory webinar on the role of civil society in the implementation phase and best practices
    • A mid-term reporting webinar for CSOs and the NZHRC

Introductory webinar

The 2-hour introductory webinar on the UPR will refresh memories about the UPR process and will highlight the specific role that stakeholders play in the implementation and mid-term phases. Participants will be informed about entry points and steps of the mid-term reporting process. Best practices, such as integrating recommendations from other international, regional, and national human rights mechanisms and engaging with various stakeholders will be shared.

The webinar will take place on Tuesday, 20 April 2021 at 5:00pm and will be run by Geneva-based UPR experts, UPR-Info. This introductory webinar will highlight the specific role that groups can play in the mid-term reporting process and best practices.

You can register for the webinar here. After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting. 

Mid-term reporting webinar

This webinar will take place in the second half of 2021 and will be focused on the more technical aspects of making a mid-term UPR submission and how to make the most of the period leading up to the next review.

Third cycle

Review of New Zealand

On 21 January 2019, New Zealand’s human rights record was reviewed as part of the third cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).

The review was based on three documents:

  • New Zealand Government National Report
  • Compilation of UN information
  • Stakeholder summary: The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) summarises reports submitted by the national human rights institute and civil society organisations on the human rights situation in New Zealand. The Human Rights Commission’s report contributes to the summary. The Commission also contributed to a submission by the independent organisations who monitor places of detention in New Zealand (which you can read here).

On 1 April 2019, the Final Report of the Working Group was adopted summarising the proceedings of the review process, the interactive dialogue that took place and the 194 recommendations made to New Zealand.

New Zealand responded by accepting 160 of the recommendations and noting 34 of them and indicated an intention to submit a mid-term report in 2021.

In-Country Pre-session

In the lead up to the review in January 2019, the Human Rights Commission hosted a pre-session in Wellington on 26 October 2018. Thirteen NGOs and the Human Rights Commission outlined New Zealand’s human rights challenges at the briefing session for Wellington-based diplomats representing over 30 countries.

The 13 NGOs present gave detailed presentations on issues such as family violence, youth justice and structural discrimination. To moderate the session and provide training for the NGOs, the Human Rights Commission brought Geneva-based NGO, UPR Info to New Zealand. UPR-Info, which is funded by a host of European Governments, provides services, education and training to ensure cooperation between governments, human rights institutions, civil society, United Nations agencies, and media to implement human rights obligations and commitments.

The visiting Programme Manager, Nargiz Arupova and Programme Assistance, Laura Sinner were in New Zealand for one week. They ran training sessions for NGOs in Auckland, Christchurch and Wellington before moderating the UPR Pre-session in Wellington on 26 October. Over 70 people attended the training sessions representing a number of NGOs. As part of the training organisations prepared advocacy fact sheets. Links to some of the fact sheets can be found:

Presentations made by UPR Info can be found here:

Presentations made by civil society organisations can be found here:

Geneva Pre-session

A pre-session for the third review is held in Geneva between 10-13 December 2018. NGOs can travel to Geneva to brief the diplomatic missions based there. More information about the session can be found here.

Second cycle

As part of New Zealand's second UPR the Human Rights Commission was invited to make a submission to the UN Human Rights Council. Click here to read the Commission’s UPR 13/14 submission (Word).

You can also read the UPR annexes to the Commission submission: Commission UPR Recommendations, Submission of the OPCAT National Preventive Mechanism; Submission of the CRPD Monitoring Mechanism, Submission of the UNCROC Monitoring Group; Assessment of steps taken to implement 2009 UPR recommendations; List of Bills that passed all stages under urgency.

NGO's and Civil Society

NGO's and civil society groups were consulted on the UPR and given an opportunity to make a submission to the Commission.

Click here to read the submissions made by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and civil society groups to the UPR.

New Zealand's second Periodic Review

New Zealand’s second National Report to the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review took place on 27 January 2014 in Geneva. Justice Minister Judith Collins presented the actions taken by the New Zealand government following the 2009 review.

Click here to read the Government’s UPR report.

Recommendations made to New Zealand

Among the 155 recommendations made to New Zealand overall, participating member states highlighted the need to:

  • In consultation with all relevant actors, develop a comprehensive action plan to target gender-based violence and violence against women;
  • Allocate adequate resources to ensure the full implementation of measures to prevent violence against women and children;
  • Develop a national action plan for women to address issues such as violence against women, pay equality, the situation of Māori and Pacific women and women with disabilities;
  • To take further steps to advance the human rights of indigenous populations and reduce the remaining social differences for and discrimination against the Maori population;
  • To step up efforts to prevent discrimination against members of the Māori and Pasifika communities in the criminal justice system and, in particular, the high rates of incarceration.

Here is a full list of the recommendations made to New Zealand by the UPR:

New Zealand Government Response to UPR Recommendations

The government formally responded to the United Nations Human Rights Council second Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of New Zealand, accepting the “vast majority” of the 155 recommendations.

Minister Collins said “Nearly all countries commended our excellent human rights record and acknowledged the progress we are making in protecting women and children against violence, and recommended these efforts continue.”

A compilation of UN information and its summary of stakeholders’ information is available on the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights website.

Here is the New Zealand Government’s response to recommendations arising from its second Universal Periodic Review:


New Zealand’s UPR Outcome Report was adopted by the UPR Working Group on Friday, 31 January. The New Zealand Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva, Amanda Ellis, responded on behalf of the Government. Ms Ellis noted that all recommendations would be taken on notice and that New Zealand would report back to the Human Rights Council no later than June 2014.

The reason for adopting this approach was to ensure that the international conversation that has taken place on New Zealand’s human rights record is properly linked to domestic implementation and in particular the development of New Zealand’s second National Plan of Action on Human Rights. Adopting such an approach also ensures that stakeholder views can be included in the next steps of the UPR process.

Overall States recognised the high realisation of human rights in New Zealand and commended the Government on its ongoing commitment to improve the realisation of rights for all people in Aotearoa New Zealand. In many areas States considered there was much to learn from the New Zealand experience and  expressly requested our advice and assistance.

Issues and questions raised by States included:

  • violence against women;
  • the rights of children;
  • the gender pay gap;
  • the human rights of Maori;
  • the rebuilding and compensation process in the aftermath of the Canterbury earthquakes;
  • the human rights framework

Over 100 recommendations were made to New Zealand. Click here to access the official record of the session.

Useful resources for the UPR 13/14

Powerpoint presentations from HRC workshops

UPR and the Canterbury earthquakes

A group of law students at the University of Canterbury under the supervision of Senior Lecturer Natalie Baird are co-ordinating and writing a joint stakeholder submission for New Zealand’s Universal Periodic Review which is taking place in early 2014. Their submission will focus on the human rights issues which have arisen as a consequence of the 2010 and 2011 Canterbury earthquakes. A short online presentation about their project can be viewed here.

If you are a community or non-governmental organisation and would be interested in getting involved or knowing more about their project, please email Natalie Baird or [email protected].

Queer, Trans and Intersex people consultation

Notes from the UPR video conference for queer, trans and intersex people conducted on 18 April, 2013 can be viewed here.